❝the red flag has had a curious history in france. during the first revolution it was the symbol of martial law, only to be flown in case the police or the army had to be called out to break up a demonstration. it remained the symbol of law and order until 1832. on june 5 of that year the funeral ceremonies of general lamarque, a napoleonic hero popular with the masses, were made the excuse for a demonstration against the regime of louis philippe. as usual, the red flag was flown before the troops went into action. in the early days of the bourgeois monarchy these street disorders were a common occurrence, and on every occasion the red flag was displayed. theoretically it was the emblem of authority, but gradually the population of paris came to associate it with scenes of disorder. in 1830 the workmen and bourgeoisie had hoisted the tricolor, and fighting under that banner they had overthrown the bourbon dynasty, but by 1848 the tricolor had lost its prestige. the workmen, in particular, craved some emblem that would represent their social and economic aspirations. they found it in the red flag, the flag that the government had formerly used to suppress the rumblings of their discontent.

for a full discussion of this question see gabriel perreux’s les origines du drapeau rouge en france (paris, 1930)

Anonyme asked:
"what does your personal library look like?"
  • i collect comics/graphic novels and old literature (“collect” steal is a better word
  • i get discounted concept art books all the fuckin time just fucking art books i eat that shit up
  • lots of history and religion books (if it has the word “devil” or “satan” or “angel” in it you bet i own it
  • weird ass french books lying around s2g i have a history of homoerotic paintings or something and the section on tom of finland lmfa o HOW DID THEY LET ME BUY THIS I WAS LIKE FIFTEEN
  • lots of film criticism/theory books // a shit-ton of nazi-related books (propaganda posters, also some weimar culture, you get the drill, etc)
  • i hoard autographs so ive got most of glen duncans books signed lm fao @myself

god the more i think about the books i own the more i understand why i dont have friends anymore

some soft british grunge twitter pics from my most recent “”“”purchase





The Western Lit Survival Kit (Part I)
Greece: Cradle of (Greek) Civilization
  • Homer: IliadOdyssey
  • Hesiod: Theogony, Works and Days 
  • Sappho, Pindar
  • Aeschylus: Promotheus Bound, The Oresteia
  • Sophocles: Oedipus Rex / Oedipus at Colonus / Antigone
  • Euripides: Medea
  • Aristophanes: Lysistrata, The Clouds, The Frogs, The Birds
Rome: When the World Was Ruled by Italians 
  • Catallus, Propertius, Tibullus
  • Virgil: The Eclogues, The Georgics, The Aeneid
  • Ovid: The Metamorphoses, The Art of Love
  • Horace: Epodes and Satires, Odes
  • St. Augustine of Hippo: Confessions
The Middle Ages and Points Between
  • Beowulf
  • The Song of Roland
  • Chrétien de Troyes: Lancelot, le chevalier de la Charrette (Knight of the Cart)
  • Thomas Mallory: Le Morte d’Arthur
  • Peter Abélard and Héloïse d’Argenteuil: The History of My Misfortunes, Letters
  • Romance de la Rose (Romance of the Rose)
  • Geoffrey Chaucer: Troilus and Criseyde, The Canterbury Tales
  • Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
  • Dante Alighieri: La Vita Nuova, Inferno, Purgatorio, Paradiso
The Renaissance: Back to the Future
  • Francesco Petrarca (Petrarch): Il Canzonierre
  • Giovanni Boccaccio: The Decameron
  • Benvenuto Cellini: Autobiography
  • François Villon: poems
  • François Rabelais: Gargantua and Pantagruel
  • Michel de Montaigne: essays
  • Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra: Don Quixote
  • Christopher Marlowe: The Jew of Malta, Doctor Faustus, Edward II
  • Edmund Spenser: The Faerie Queene
  • William Shakespeare: see below
  • Ben Jonson: Volpone, The Alchemist
William "Look At Me, I Get My Own Chapter" Shakespeare
  • The Tragedies: Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, King Lear, Macbeth, Othello, Julius Caesar, Romeo and Juliet, Cymbeline, Coriolanus
  • The Histories: Richard II, King Henry IV (Part One, Part Two), Henry V, Richard III
  • The Comedies: A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Much Ado About Nothing, The Taming of the Shew, The Merchant of Venice, The Tempest, The Comedy of Errors, The Merry Wives of Windsor, Love’s Labour’s Lost, Twelfth Night, As You Like It
  • sonnets
Here Come the Puritans: Parade, Meet Rain
  • Cavaliers: Robert Herrick, Richard Lovelace, John Suckling, Thomas Carew
  • Metaphysics: John Donne, George Herbert, Henry Vaughn, Abraham Cowley, Richard Crawshaw, Andrew Marvell
  • John Bunyan: Grace Abounding, Pilgrim’s Progress
  • John Milton: Paradise Lost, poems

you’re fucking welcome

Anonyme asked:
"What do you think of Tolstoy, Pushkin, and James Joyce? Also what books do you recommend? (for a fan of Hugo, especially)"

tolstoy & pushkin - still a virgin sorry; in regards to russian literature, i’ve read dostoyevsky and fucking all of anton chekhov’s shit, and although i try and force myself to like russian lit, i can’t. won’t tackle more russian texts until i can read russian bc i’m one of those hardcore believers in the author’s essence ie that every translation is a distancing, every adaptation a decay — ill get all nativist on your ass i like to go to the roots literature-wise, etc. so maybe i’ll like russian lit more then (i’ll let you know) — this goes for eastern european/slavic literature in general (fucking czechs) // although one book i really did enjoy was the master and the margarita by mikhail bulgakov

james joyce - have only tried to tackle him in bits so no final consensus as of yet

i can recommend books from my own taste profile but i think theyll do sorely for a strict hugophile/hugonaut because itll be my own personal palette of victor but hey everything helps right!!!

  • i read v hugo in my formative years so ive been ruined in the plot department. nothing has ever rivaled him. so i tend to like texts that are character-driven sound sex (this is also why i have a hard time getting into the fantasy genre & detective shit because archetypes bore me and i literally do not give a fuck about what happens) (this is also my philosophy when it comes to films because i am all about every aspect of development and production except the plot. stories bore me. storytelling, though, is fascinating)
  • french-related lit: i read phantom of the opera in 5th grade so i cant remember if its good or not but give it a try (i dont want to know whether/not my first obsession was a shitty one i aint about this self-reflexive life) // the vhugo fanclub meets on sundays at notre dame and balzac is a side door // eugene ionesco is my shit
  • i, lucifer by glen duncan is my absolute fav; and along that theme: paradise lost, dante’s divine comedy
  • gabriel garcia marquez 
  • try and read parfum by patrick suskind in german or french its fucking gorgeous
  • um
  • wow
  • this is a really
  • shitty 
  • list
  • im sorry
  • imagefrom my facebook (also wow this needs to be updated i dont even like good omens

damn im sorry

Anonyme asked:
"What do you think of The Three Musketeers/Dumas?"

never read the three musketeers. only thing by dumas i’ve read is the count of monte cristo (abridged, translated). i was kinda underwhelmed so that venture marked the end of my experimentation w his literary works

count of monte cristo is okay imho i tried to read the unabridged but couldn’t power through

yea!!!! literature!!!!! thanks for the ask anon

Down the hall came the wife. She was glorious, burning. She didn’t know yet that her husband was dead. We knew. That’s what gave her such power over us. The doctor took her into a room with a desk at the end of the hall, and from under the closed door a slab of brilliance radiated as if, by some stupendous process, diamonds were being incinerated in there. What a pair of lungs! She shrieked as I imagined an eagle would shriek. It felt wonderful to be alive to hear it! I’ve gone looking for that feeling everywhere.”

Jesus’ Son, Denis Johnson

"You got me there. And since I can’t be your wife, I won’t be your whore."

Anonyme asked:
"do you have a goodreads account?"


“I did not cry then or ever about Finny. I did not cry even when I stood watching him being lowered into his family’s strait-laced burial ground outside of Boston. I could not escape the feeling that this was my own funeral, and you do not cry in that case.”

A Separate Peace

  • Ellsworth Toohey: Mr. Roark, we’re alone here. Why don’t you tell me what you think of me? In any words you wish. No one will hear us.
  • Howard Roark: But I don’t think of you.

watching: les revenants
reading: a world of ice and fire
next convention: ctn expo | los angeles
working on:

dreamworks animation intern | ctn expo | currently in los angeles